A comprehensive, accessible, up-to-date catalog of enzymes and their uses in modern manufacturing. Enzymes have long been used by industrial product makers as major catalysts to transform raw materials into end products. Now available in English for the first time, Industrial Enzymes and Their Applications is the only authoritative catalog of enzymes with in-depth coverage of their varied uses, the classes in which they are grouped, and which chemical reagents they have replaced on current mass production lines. The first section surveys general enzyme characteristics and discusses their microbiological origin, including pH and temperature dependence of the activity and stability of each enzyme. The next section then examines the most important industrial enzymes in use today&#8212; including carbohydrate-hydrolyz-ing enzymes, proteases, ester cleavage-fat-hydrolyzing enzymes, and immobilized enzymes. The last section is devoted to specific applications of technical enzymes in such areas as food processing, beverage production, animal nutrition, leather, and textiles. Industrial Enzymes and Their Applications offers instant access to a wealth of key enzyme data&#8212; an invaluable, wide-ranging resource for industrial chemists, biochemists, biochemical engineers, and students.
Ambient intelligence is the vision of a technology that will become invisibly embedded in our natural surroundings, present whenever we need it, enabled by simple and effortless interactions, attuned to all our senses, adaptive to users and context-sensitive, and autonomous. High-quality information access and personalized content must be available to everybody, anywhere, and at any time. This book addresses ambient intelligence used to support human contacts and accompany an individual's path through the complicated modern world. From the technical standpoint, distributed electronic intelligence is addressed as hardware vanishing into the background. Devices used for ambient intelligence are small, low-power, low weight, and (very importantly) low-cost; they collaborate or interact with each other; and they are redundant and error-tolerant. This means that the failure of one device will not cause failure of the whole system. Since wired connections often do not exist, radio methods will play an important role for data transfer. This book addresses various aspects of ambient intelligence, from applications that are imminent since they use essentially existing technologies, to ambitious ideas whose realization is still far away, due to major unsolved technical challenges. TOC:Introduction.- I. Applications: Social, Economic, and Ethical Implications of Ambient Intelligence and Ubiquitous Computing.- Integrated Microelectronics for Smart Textiles.- Ambient Intelligence Research in HomeLab.- How Ambient Intelligence will Improve Habitability and Energy Efficiency in Buildings.- II. System Design and Architecture: Networked Infomechanical Systems.- TinyOS: An Operating System for Sensor Networks.- A Service Based Universal Application Interface for ad hoc Wireless Sensor Networks.- Locationing and Time Synchronization Services in Ambient Intelligence Networks.- Security for Ambient Intelligence Systems.- Low-Cost Wireless Control Networks in Smart Environments.- III. Components and Technologies: Ambient Intelligence Technologies: An Overview.- Ultra-Low Power Integrated Wireless Nodes for Ambient Intelligence Networks.- Packaging Challenges in Miniaturization.- Algorithms in Ambient Intelligence.
Start-to-finish, fun projects for makers of all types, ages, and skill levels! Written by two school librarians obsessed with making stuff, this easy-to-follow guide is full of hands-on, low-cost makerspace projects that will inspire inventors and makers of all ages. The Big Book of Makerspace Projects: Inspiring Makers to Experiment, Create, and Learn features practical tips for beginners and open-ended challenges for advanced makers. The book features dozens of classroom-tested, hands-on DIY projects and challenges. Each project features clear, non-technical step-by-step instructions with photos and illustrations to ensure success, expand the imagination, and foster innovation. You will explore recyclables hacks, smartphone tweaks, paper circuits, e-textiles, musical instruments, coding and programming, 3-D printing, and much, much more! . Fun projects spur the creativity of makers at every skill level . Covers trending technology such as littleBits, Makey Makey, and Sphero . Authored by a pair of experienced educators and dedicated makers
Plastics offer a variety of environmental benefits. However, their production, applications, and disposal present many environmental concerns. Plastics and the Environment provides state-of-the-art technical and research information on the complex relationship between the plastic and polymer industry and the environment, focusing on the sustainability, environmental impact, and cost--benefit tradeoffs associated with different technologies. Bringing together the field's leading researchers, Anthony Andrady's innovative collection not only covers how plastics affect the environment, but also how environmental factors affect plastics. The relative benefits of recycling, resource recovery, and energy recovery are also discussed in detail. The first of the book's four sections represents a basic introduction to the key subject matter of plastics and the environment; the second explores several pertinent applications of plastics with environmental implications-packaging, paints and coatings, textiles, and agricultural film use. The third section discusses the behavior of plastics in some of the environments in which they are typically used, such as the outdoors, in biotic environments, or in fires. The final section consists of chapters on recycling and thermal treatment of plastics waste. Chapters include: * Commodity Polymers * Plastics in Transportation * Biodegradation of Common Polymers * Thermal Treatment of Polymer Waste * Incineration of Plastics The contributors also focus on the effectiveness of recent technologies in mitigating environmental impacts, particularly those for managing plastics in the solid waste stream. Plastic and design engineers, polymer chemists, material scientists, and ecologists will find Plastics and the Environment to be a vital resource to this critical industry.
First published in1906, this book contains a classic guide to textiles, dealing specifically with various different fabrics and how they should be prepared and dyed. Written in simple, clear language and full of helpful illustrations and diagrams, 'Textile Fabrics and Their Preparation for Dyeing' is perfect for textile novices and DIY enthusiasts, and it would make for a wonderful addition to collections of related literature. Paul Nooncree Hasluck (1854 - 1916) was an Australian engineer and editor. He was a master of technical writing and father of the 'do-it-yourself' book, producing many books on subjects including engineering, handicrafts, woodwork, and more. Other notable works by this author include: 'Treatise on the Tools Employed in the Art of Turning' (1881), 'The Watch-Jobber's Handy Book' (1887), and 'Screw-Threads and Methods of Producing Them' (1887). Many vintage books such as this are increasingly scarce and expensive. It is with this in mind that we are republishing this volume now in an affordable, modern, high-quality edition complete with a specially-commissioned new biography of the author.
This book analyzes how today's system of international trade law and international economic relations has evolved over the last six decades. Focusing on the major innovations that came with the inception of the World Trade Organization (WTO) with its various agreements in 1994, it also provides in-depth commentary on the intense debate over important matters that remain unsettled. Topics covered include the WTO dispute settlement mechanism; the General Agreement on Trade in Services (OATS); the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMS); intellectual property rights &#8211; the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); areas still covered by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1947; the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) concept; special provisions relating to agriculture and textiles; sanitary and phytosanitary measures; technical barriers to trade; pre-shipment inspection; and import licensing procedures. The book would be an excellent resource for scholars as well as practitioners working in the field of international arbitration and trade laws.
Textiles have been made and used by every culture throughout history. However diverse--whether an ancient Egyptian mummy wrapping, a Turkish carpet, an Italian velvet, or an American quilt--all textiles have basic elements in common. They are made of fibers, constructed into forms, and patterned and colored in ways that follow certain principles. Looking at Textiles serves as a guide to the fundamentals of the materials and techniques used to create textiles. The selected technical terms explain what textiles are, how they are made, and what they are made of, and include definitions of terms relating to fibers, dyes, looms and weaving, and patterning processes. The many illustrations, including macro- and microscale photographs of a range of ancient and historic museum textiles, demonstrate the features described in the text.
The book provides a short introduction to the sol-gel process, principles in modification of the sols and technical details of the application on textiles, covering in particular the chemical content of the topic. New properties of textiles gained from nanosols are summarized and explained in a broad range, focusing on the mechanical and thermal stability, repellent properties, optical properties, antistatic coatings and bioactive coatings. An active discussion is held on the bioactive modifications, because this wide and interesting field offers a high potential for many new applications, e.g. in medicine. Besides basic research, this book will also provide examples on the transition of academic research to customer products.
Before the 1970s, most information concerning the conservation and restoration of paintings, wood, and archaeological artefacts were focused on the history of the artefacts, previous attempts of conservation, and the future use of these artefacts. The technical methods of how the restoration and conservation were made were dealt with only very briefly. Today, sophisticated methods of scientific analysis such as DNA are common place, and this encourages conservators and scientists to work together to work out the development of new methods for analysis and conservation of artefacts. This book focuses on the chemicals used for conservation and restoration of various artefacts in artwork and archaeology, as well as special applications of these materials. Also the methods used, both methods for cleaning, conservation and restoration, as well as methods for the analysis of the state of the respective artefacts. Topics include oil paintings, paper conservation, textiles and dyes for them, archaeological wood, fossils, stones, metals and metallic coins, and glasses, including church windows.
The essential guide for data scientists and for leaders who must get more from their data science teams The Economist boldly claims that data are now 'the world's most valuable resource.' But, as Kenett and Redman so richly describe, unlocking that value requires far more than technical excellence. The Real Work of Data Science explores understanding the problems, dealing with quality issues, building trust with decision makers, putting data science teams in the right organizational spots, and helping companies become data-driven. This is the work that spells the difference between a good data scientist and a great one, between a team that makes marginal contributions and one that drives the business, between a company that gains some value from its data and one in which data truly is 'the most valuable resource.' 'These two authors are world-class experts on analytics, data management, and data quality; they've forgotten more about these topics than most of us will ever know. Their book is pragmatic, understandable, and focused on what really counts. If you want to do data science in any capacity, you need to read it.' --Thomas H. Davenport, Distinguished Professor, Babson College and Fellow, MIT Initiative on the Digital Economy 'I like your book. The chapters address problems that have faced statisticians for generations, updated to reflect today's issues, such as computational Big Data.' --Sir David Cox, Warden of Nuffield College and Professor of Statistics, Oxford University 'Data science is critical for competitiveness, for good government, for correct decisions. But what is data science? Kenett and Redman give, by far, the best introduction to the subject I have seen anywhere. They address the critical questions of formulating the right problem, collecting the right data, doing the right analyses, making the right decisions, and measuring the actual impact of the decisions. This book should become required reading in statistics and computer science departments, business schools, analytics institutes and, most importantly, by all business managers.' --A. Blanton Godfrey, Joseph D. Moore Distinguished University Professor, Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University
PREFACE - This comprehensive, modem encyclopedia of surfactant products has been compiled with the cooperation of the major national and international surfactant manufacturers in order to give the user quick and thorough information on each tradename product that is included. Information from thousands of brochures, technical bulletins, and data sheets has been gleaned in order to make a complete profile on each surfactant product available from one source-this three volume compendium. Though sometimes limited by the information provided by the manufacturers, in most instances, the chemical ingredients, properties, form, applications, etc. of each product are discussed in detail. The use of surfactants pervades almost every chemical industrial concern- including textiles, paints, pesticides, foods, cosmetics, pharamceuticals, etc. We hope that because of the universality of surfactants, this reference work will be able to serve as a useful tool to the many chemical engineers and salespeople here and abroad. We want to extend our thanks to Roberta Dakan for her dedication and tireless efforts in helping make this encyclopedia as accurate and consistent as possible. When the temperature at which properties such as viscosity, density, surface tension; solubilities, etc. is not included, a standard temperature of 25 C is to be assumed. The information in this publication is reliable to the best of our knowledge. We would be glad to be informed of any errors or omissions so that these can be integrated into subsequent editions of this encyclopedia.
Exam board: OCR Level: A-level Subject: Design and Technology First teaching: September 2015 First exams: Summer 2016 Inspire your students to tackle the iterative design process with creativity and confidence, using a textbook that delivers the knowledge, understanding and skills they need for the 2017 OCR Design & Technology AS and A-level specifications. Our trusted author team help you to confidently navigate both the designing and technical principles at the heart of OCR's enquiry approach and to apply them to each of the Product Design, Fashion and Textiles and Design Engineering endorsed titles. - Supports co-teaching of AS and A Level with clear signposting to the additional knowledge, understanding and skills needed at A Level - Inspires your students as they undertake the iterative design process, with a look at how to approach the Non-Exam Assessments, including creative examples of students' work for both the Product Development at AS and the Iterative Design Project at A Level - Helps students to prepare for the written exams with practice questions and guidance on the 'Principles' papers at both AS and A Level, and the 'Problem Solving' papers at A Level