Chemistry For Textile Students; A Manual Suitable For Technical Students In The Textile And Dyeing Industries, By NORMAN BLAND. PREFACE. The present time, being one of reconstruction, is an opportune moment for the presentation of this work, as it is, we believe, the first attempt to put forward a fairly compIetecourse on Chemistry for Textile Students suitable for the large and growing number of students who are taking up the technical study d textile industries from the truly scientific standpoint. It is a noteworthy feature of the last Census of Production, published in 1907, that, if we omit coal mining, whilst the cotton and woollen industries occupy respectively the first and fourth positions among the nine leading industries of the country as regards number of people employed, yet these industrics employ a smaller percentage of well-trained technologists than any of the others. With one exception, the productivity, or net putput in value per head of persons empIoyed, is less in the case of textile industries, apart from chemistry and dyeing, than that of the other great industries of the country, and this is no doubt largely due to the small percentage of well-trained technologists employed. Apart from the branches of bleaching and dyeing, it is only in very recent years that it has been realised, and only then by the most enlightened employers, that chemistry and physics play a most important part in the various operations used in the production of yarns and finished pieces. Recently, however, it has been recognised that Germany, in pre-W-ar times, Pas getting far ahead of us, principally through the,direct application of the sciences of chemistry, physics, and engineering to the procksses of nlanufactue of textiles. Iarge manufacturers are now beginning to realise that specially trained textile-chemists and textile-engineers must be engaged for special research work, if progress is to be made which wi1l enable us to keep pace with the competition of other great natons of the world. Germany was setting the pace in prewar times, nvhilst our manufacturers were resting largeIy on the laurels of the past, with the result that certain branches of our great textile industry were fast passing to the continent but in the near future other great nations of the world will have profited by the experience of Germany, and, if we are to maintain the traditions of the past, me must bring the sciences of chemistry and physics to bear to a greater degree on the study of textiles. It is a necessary part of the training of the textile technologist, who will late be engaged in the production of yarns and finished articles, that he should have received a thorough grounding in the sciences of chemistry and physics.
Technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion.It is a large and growing sector and supports a vast array of other industries.This study was focused to enhance the application of the natural fibers in the field of technical textiles. Natural fibers are abundantly available on the Mother Earth. The fibers coir, jute, sisal and PET were used as raw materials for the study.These fibers were convereted into needle punched non-woven fabrics. The prepared fabrics were tested for the suitability in the selected fields of technical textiles such agro tech, build tech and geo tech .The results obtained from the prepared fabrics had given great recommendations for the future technical textile industry.
'Devoted entirely to textiles for interiors, Textiles for Residential and Commercial Interiors, 4th Edition, focuses on the most current fiber and fabric information including new fiber technology and nanofibers, the role of the interior designer in selecting textiles, and the environmental impact of textiles. The book includes in-depth coverage of household and institutional textiles, in addition to commercial and residential textiles for upholstered furniture, windows, walls, and floor coverings. Full-color line drawings and photographs illustrate fibers, yarns, fabrics, manufacturing equipment, coloring, finishings, and end products. Textiles for Residential and Commercial Interiors provides students with all of the technical information, aesthetic fundamentals, and practical knowledge they need to select textiles for every type of residential and commercial interior'--
Plastics offer a variety of environmental benefits. However, their production, applications, and disposal present many environmental concerns. Plastics and the Environment provides state-of-the-art technical and research information on the complex relationship between the plastic and polymer industry and the environment, focusing on the sustainability, environmental impact, and cost--benefit tradeoffs associated with different technologies. Bringing together the field's leading researchers, Anthony Andrady's innovative collection not only covers how plastics affect the environment, but also how environmental factors affect plastics. The relative benefits of recycling, resource recovery, and energy recovery are also discussed in detail. The first of the book's four sections represents a basic introduction to the key subject matter of plastics and the environment; the second explores several pertinent applications of plastics with environmental implications-packaging, paints and coatings, textiles, and agricultural film use. The third section discusses the behavior of plastics in some of the environments in which they are typically used, such as the outdoors, in biotic environments, or in fires. The final section consists of chapters on recycling and thermal treatment of plastics waste. Chapters include: * Commodity Polymers * Plastics in Transportation * Biodegradation of Common Polymers * Thermal Treatment of Polymer Waste * Incineration of Plastics The contributors also focus on the effectiveness of recent technologies in mitigating environmental impacts, particularly those for managing plastics in the solid waste stream. Plastic and design engineers, polymer chemists, material scientists, and ecologists will find Plastics and the Environment to be a vital resource to this critical industry.
Erscheinungsdatum: 12/2002, Medium: Buch, Einband: Gebunden, Titel: Nonwoven Fabrics, Titelzusatz: Raw Materials, Manufacture, Applications, Characteristics, Redaktion: Albrecht, Wilhelm // Fuchs, Hilmar // Kittelbaum, Walter, Verlag: Wiley VCH Verlag GmbH // Wiley-VCH, Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: Chemie // Technik // Werkstoffe // Berufe // Industrie // Chemische Industrie // Arbeitsstoff // Material // Werkstoff // SCIENCE // Chemistry // Industrial & Technical // TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING // Textiles & Polymers // Industrielle Chemie und Chemietechnologie, Rubrik: Chemische Technik, Seiten: 750, Abbildungen: 550 Abb., Gewicht: 1373 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
An important and growing part of the textile industry consists of the medical, healthcare and hygiene sectors. The extend of the growth is due to the constant improvements and innovations in both textile technology and medical procedures. Textile materials have been indispensable in the medical area. It has helped the medical world in every form and shape. Staple fibres are used for cleaning wounds, bandages for covering wounds, sutures are indispensable for surgery, plasters for joining bone fractures and knitted vascular grafts widely used to replace arteries. There has been a steady development in these textiles used for medical purposes, are more commonly termed as "medical textiles". Medical textiles are a major thrust area within the technical textile industry and the range of applications continue to bloom and increase its diversity with every new development. In the past decades, more and more efforts have been expanded on the development of new materials for the use as surgical sutures, especially absorbable sutures with satisfactory tensile strength and excellent biocompatibility. The degradation behaviour of suture materials is very important.
Textile Technology is a unique and readable introduction into the field of textile engineering. It is based on an elementary level course focusing on the manufacture (processes and machines) of yarn, fabric, knitwear, nonwovens, braids, reinforcing fabrics, and technical textiles, but also provides technicians and engineers in the textile industry with an up-to-date review of processes and equipment for textile manufacturing.The book covers all processing steps for the manufacturing of textiles, describing materials, processes and machines, finishing, making-up, and recycling. To provide a better understanding of the individual textile processes, each chapter ends with an example describing the respective processing steps for a specific textile product. In addition, current and future development trends are discussed.The second edition is brought up to date with extensive coverage of new developments, such as in the fields of testing, measurement, and simulation.Contents- Raw materials- Yarn production- Fabric production- Knitwear production- Nonwovens production- Braiding processes and machines- Noncrimp fabrics- Textile finishing- Clothing manufacture- Technical textiles- Textile testing- Disposal and recycling- Simulation
Erscheinungsdatum: 04/2009, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Felt, Autor: Mullins, Willow, Redaktion: Welters, Linda, Verlag: BLOOMSBURY 3PL, Imprint: Textiles That Changed the Worl, Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: Art & Art Instruction // DESIGN // Fashion & Accessories // Textile & Costume // TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING // Technical & Manufacturing Industries & Trades // Fertigungsindustrie, Rubrik: Kunst // Sonstiges, Seiten: 182, Herkunft: GROSSBRITANNIEN (GB), Reihe: Textiles That Changed the Worl, Gewicht: 435 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
'Panipat' one of the Historically famous city is otherwise known as the city of Hand looms in India. The jacquard woven home furnishing textiles of this city are world famous. The designing procedure followed by the local designers are based on the compound tie-up principle which reduces the physical labor of the designers during graphing but it needs more mental work. The various woven textile products of the city with their technical specifications, the details of instruments, loom arrangement as well as the designing procedure followed for jacquard woven textiles have been discussed lucidly.
First published in1906, this book contains a classic guide to textiles, dealing specifically with various different fabrics and how they should be prepared and dyed. Written in simple, clear language and full of helpful illustrations and diagrams, 'Textile Fabrics and Their Preparation for Dyeing' is perfect for textile novices and DIY enthusiasts, and it would make for a wonderful addition to collections of related literature. Paul Nooncree Hasluck (1854 - 1916) was an Australian engineer and editor. He was a master of technical writing and father of the 'do-it-yourself' book, producing many books on subjects including engineering, handicrafts, woodwork, and more. Other notable works by this author include: 'Treatise on the Tools Employed in the Art of Turning' (1881), 'The Watch-Jobber's Handy Book' (1887), and 'Screw-Threads and Methods of Producing Them' (1887). Many vintage books such as this are increasingly scarce and expensive. It is with this in mind that we are republishing this volume now in an affordable, modern, high-quality edition complete with a specially-commissioned new biography of the author.
This study investigates the efficiency of manufacturing subsectors in the Zimbabwean economy. The study applied the panel data econometrics approach in the leading manufacturing subsectors from 1980-2005. The quantitative estimates using SFA shows that there are varying efficiencies across sub-sectors and through time. The log-likelihood test shows that there existed technical inefficiency in the production processes in the manufacturing sector. This shows that the industries could have improve their productive capacities with the same amount of inputs. The study shows that average technical efficiencies were falling since 1980 in the investigated sub-sectors. The highest efficiency scores were recorded in the canning and preservation of vegetables and fruits sub-sector which have an average of 98.1 percent efficiency level. The least efficient sectors are the textiles and footwear sectors which had averages of 32 percent and 33 percent efficient levels.
Designing is a task which requires a combination of technical knowledge, skill, training, patience and artistic imagination. Most of the designs made by man or available in nature have inherent symmetry in them. Considerable mathematical analysis is required to discover an order in such designs and encode them in mathematical descriptions. Moreover, such analysis is usually specific to a particular design (or a class of designs) and is difficult to generalize. Geometric modelling can be used as a design tool to avoid unnecessarily tedious or repetitive tasks. This allows the artist to work on the design idea rather than its implementation. The work presents a unified modelling scheme for artists, craftsmen and common users to facilitate user-defined and automatic generation of designs starting with the simple geometric primitives at the lowest level and creation, storage and retrieval of statically and dynamically symmetric patterns that can be used to generate design layouts. It has direct applications in the domain of art, metal engraving, designer furniture, textiles, jewelry, woodcarvings, wallpapers, tiles, flower vases, etc.