'Panipat' one of the Historically famous city is otherwise known as the city of Hand looms in India. The jacquard woven home furnishing textiles of this city are world famous. The designing procedure followed by the local designers are based on the compound tie-up principle which reduces the physical labor of the designers during graphing but it needs more mental work. The various woven textile products of the city with their technical specifications, the details of instruments, loom arrangement as well as the designing procedure followed for jacquard woven textiles have been discussed lucidly.
Textiles have been made and used by every culture throughout history. However diverse--whether an ancient Egyptian mummy wrapping, a Turkish carpet, an Italian velvet, or an American quilt--all textiles have basic elements in common. They are made of fibers, constructed into forms, and patterned and colored in ways that follow certain principles. Looking at Textiles serves as a guide to the fundamentals of the materials and techniques used to create textiles. The selected technical terms explain what textiles are, how they are made, and what they are made of, and include definitions of terms relating to fibers, dyes, looms and weaving, and patterning processes. The many illustrations, including macro- and microscale photographs of a range of ancient and historic museum textiles, demonstrate the features described in the text.
Colloquium on„Integrated Best Available Wastewater Management in the Textile Sector“September 19, 2018at Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung Lecture Hall 2D5, Heisenbergstraße 1, 70569 Stuttgart-BüsnauScientific Head: Dr.-Ing. Harald Schönberger University of Stuttgart Institute for Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management (ISWA)Apart from cotton cultivation and the production of dyestuffs and optical brighteners, textile finishing – also called textile wet processing – is one of the environmental hotspots. The dominating emission mass stream from textile finishing is wastewater as practically all inorganic and most of the organic (more than 90 %) chemical compounds are discharged with wastewater. Emissions to air, although not negligible, and with solid wastes are of significant lower relevance. In addition, in many parts of the globe, water availability and water scarcity respectively are of increasing concern triggering the need to avoid, reduce or recycle textile wastewater.Against this background the colloquium will contribute to the development of integrated best available wastewater management practices in the textile sector. This comprises the minimisation of water, energy and chemicals consumption by process optimisation (process- and production-integrated measures) and the careful selection of chemicals products. The latter means that the chemical products should be free of substances which are non-biodegradable or which are toxic or do have a negative impact on aquatic life.As textile wastewater pollution cannot be fully prevented at source, the colloquium also focusses on its advanced and effective treatment with special consideration of its recycling in case of limited water availability or scarcity.The programme covers the aforementioned aspects. Well-known speakers will present latest technologies and technical concepts to the audience from textile finishing industries, retailers and brands, techniques providers, textile associations and authorities from national, regional and local level, GIZ and representatives of the German Partnership for Sustainable Textiles.The colloquium is being organised by the “Forschungs- und Entwicklungsinstitut für Industrie- und Siedlungswasserwirtschaft sowie Abfallwirtschaft e.V. (FEI)” in cooperation with the Institute for Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management (ISWA) of the University of Stuttgart and the Partnership for Sustainable Textiles.
The technical importance of flexible composite structures needs no emphasis nor has there been any lack of material descriptive of their manufacture or properties. The starting points of such descriptions have invariably been from the viewpoint of the rubber industry and the presence of a suitable textile has been taken for granted, its strength properties indicated and the technological content confined to the manufacturing process within the rubber industry. An attempt is made here to work from the textile outwards. Industrial fabrics are far heavier than garment textiles, are not produced in the same bulk quantities and need to be specially constructed to provide the balance of properties which will combine with those of the rubber to give the final. product. The most important composite structure formed from textiles and rubber is, of course, the pneumatic tyre. It may therefore seem strange that no chapter deals with this. The reason is quite simple. To deal with the structure and design of the pneumatic tyre in a similar depth of detail as is done here for conveyor or power transmission belting, or hose, would require disproportionate space, in fact, a second volume equal in size to the present one. This book discusses from the textile viewpoint the various reinforced rubber structures used industrially with the exception of the tyre. These other uses of industrial fabrics can be discussed in adequate detail and cover the whole range of the technology involved in the space available in the one volume.
Three dimensional voluminous nonwovens are a valuable and new generation source to replace the less-recyclable and less environment friendly polyurethane foams with the fulfilment of various technical, functional, design and aesthetic requirements for automotive textiles. The book describes about various 3D voluminous nonwovens structures and is focused on vertical laid Wavemaker technology based nonwovens. In the case the manufacturing technique to produce Wavemaker nonwovens, effect of fiber fineness, structural parameters, process parameters and different type of feeding web structures on the various properties of the Wavemaker nonwovens for car seat and headliner cushioning materials are illustrated. The book also purposes the evolution of context aware application to determine what to test, how to test and the appropriate metrics to use.
Chemistry For Textile Students; A Manual Suitable For Technical Students In The Textile And Dyeing Industries, By NORMAN BLAND. PREFACE. The present time, being one of reconstruction, is an opportune moment for the presentation of this work, as it is, we believe, the first attempt to put forward a fairly compIetecourse on Chemistry for Textile Students suitable for the large and growing number of students who are taking up the technical study d textile industries from the truly scientific standpoint. It is a noteworthy feature of the last Census of Production, published in 1907, that, if we omit coal mining, whilst the cotton and woollen industries occupy respectively the first and fourth positions among the nine leading industries of the country as regards number of people employed, yet these industrics employ a smaller percentage of well-trained technologists than any of the others. With one exception, the productivity, or net putput in value per head of persons empIoyed, is less in the case of textile industries, apart from chemistry and dyeing, than that of the other great industries of the country, and this is no doubt largely due to the small percentage of well-trained technologists employed. Apart from the branches of bleaching and dyeing, it is only in very recent years that it has been realised, and only then by the most enlightened employers, that chemistry and physics play a most important part in the various operations used in the production of yarns and finished pieces. Recently, however, it has been recognised that Germany, in pre-W-ar times, Pas getting far ahead of us, principally through the,direct application of the sciences of chemistry, physics, and engineering to the procksses of nlanufactue of textiles. Iarge manufacturers are now beginning to realise that specially trained textile-chemists and textile-engineers must be engaged for special research work, if progress is to be made which wi1l enable us to keep pace with the competition of other great natons of the world. Germany was setting the pace in prewar times, nvhilst our manufacturers were resting largeIy on the laurels of the past, with the result that certain branches of our great textile industry were fast passing to the continent but in the near future other great nations of the world will have profited by the experience of Germany, and, if we are to maintain the traditions of the past, me must bring the sciences of chemistry and physics to bear to a greater degree on the study of textiles. It is a necessary part of the training of the textile technologist, who will late be engaged in the production of yarns and finished articles, that he should have received a thorough grounding in the sciences of chemistry and physics.
Before the 1970s, most information concerning the conservation and restoration of paintings, wood, and archaeological artefacts were focused on the history of the artefacts, previous attempts of conservation, and the future use of these artefacts. The technical methods of how the restoration and conservation were made were dealt with only very briefly. Today, sophisticated methods of scientific analysis such as DNA are common place, and this encourages conservators and scientists to work together to work out the development of new methods for analysis and conservation of artefacts. This book focuses on the chemicals used for conservation and restoration of various artefacts in artwork and archaeology, as well as special applications of these materials. Also the methods used, both methods for cleaning, conservation and restoration, as well as methods for the analysis of the state of the respective artefacts. Topics include oil paintings, paper conservation, textiles and dyes for them, archaeological wood, fossils, stones, metals and metallic coins, and glasses, including church windows.
An American artist born in 1934 and based in Paris since 1964, Sheila Hicks has dedicated her life to the textiles and fibers she handles, sculpts, and glorifies in works both big and small. Her unique style gives shape to an international language, understandable by each of us, which is simultaneously tactile, emotional, and straightforward. Thanks to her profound mastery of technical craftsmanship and her rare aesthetic intuition, her artistic practice finds its equilibrium at the intersection of applied arts and contemporary art, proposing an idiosyncratic chromatic and formal vocabulary.This handbook accompanies her project for the 2016 Festival d'Automne in Paris. Entitled "Apprentissages" ("learning processes"), it develops as a manifold exhibition held successively in the classical architecture of the Musée Carnavalet, dedicated to the history of Paris, in several shop windows in different Parisian neighborhoods, and finally in the post-modernist black cube of the Théâtre des Amandiers-Nanterre. Gathering together a record of the site-specific installations, rare archive photographs, and documents, the book is built around an extensive conversation between Sheila Hicks and Clément Dirié about her life and work, her relationship with Paris, her methods of learning and sharing.Sheila Hicks' recent exhibitions include the 30th São Paulo Biennial (2012), the Whitney Biennial in New York (2014), the 20th Sydney Biennial, the Glasgow International Festival, and "Weaving_& We-2nd Triennial of Fiber Art" in Hangzhou (all 2016).Published with the Festival d'Automne à Paris.
Geo textiles have evolved as an integral part of the Technical Textile Industry. It adds value addition and has a great export potential. It has been used since ages, dating back to era of Egyptian pharaohs as a support material in mud made huts to the modern roadways, civil and military constructions. Today we see a lot of varieties of Geo textiles product for different applications with only one thing in common that is its worldwide demand is increasing. Our aim is to bring about awareness among the industry, further more to make a marketing and feasibility report for Geo textile products that should be produced in Pakistan. In-order to increase textile export portfolio of Pakistan Textile industry. Additionally enhancing the exposure of the Pakistani manufacturers to explore the vast value added market of such products.
Erscheinungsdatum: 10/2010, Medium: Buch, Einband: Gebunden, Titel: Handbook of Antiblocking, Release, and Slip Additives, Auflage: Revised, Autor: Wypych, George, Verlag: CHEMTEC PUB, Sprache: Englisch, Schlagworte: Technology & Industrial Arts // SCIENCE // Chemistry // Industrial & Technical // TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING // Materials Science // Textiles & Polymers // Chemie, Rubrik: Chemische Technik, Seiten: 640, Gewicht: 689 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
3D shaped fabrics are widely used for producing technical applications including textile composites, medical textiles, and protective textiles. Textile engineers and material scientists have developed 3D textile preforms for composites, which are becoming more popular in many areas due to their light weight, dimensional stability, and high strength properties. Architecture of a textile preform can vary from a simple planar sheet to complex 3D shell shapes. This book aims to exploit the potentials of conventional looms for producing dome-shaped fabrics for technical applications, such as protective helmet, aircraft seat, motorcycle seat, and bullet-proof vest for women. Second objective of this research is to develop methods for evaluating the dome effect of fabrics. A dome tester has been developed in the research with the capability of measuring the dome formability and also the fabric mouldability. The results of both evaluation methods for the dome formability revealed that loose fabric structures lead to better dome formability for all fabric types. The results also showed that increasing the number of layers for the multi-layer fabrics has produced less obvious dome effects.
A lavish look at the art of Taroni's silk and fashion textiles, which have been found in the haute couture fashions of the world's leading designers, from Dior to Schiaparelli. This book was created with eight different colored covers with silk finishing. Customers will be shipped any of the eight different colors at random. A book about fashion, this volume tells the story of the elegant luxury fabrics of Taroni, who since 1880 have produced fabrics of the highest quality, combining craftsmanship, technology, creativity, and experimentation along the way. A detailed account of the company's history is accompanied by lush images as well as interviews and texts from leading creative figures such as Gianfranco Ferré, Roberto Capucci, Alber Elbaz, and other top fashion designers who have worked with Taroni. A virtuous example of Made in Italy where the synergy between technical research and creative work leads to excellent results exported all over the world.