'The Handbook of sustainable textile production' is a compilation of technical, economic, and environmental data from thetextile production chain. The book defines the principles of sustainability and its use in legislation and industry before going on to investigate the impact of textiles throughout the supply chain, starting with the raw fiber through to fabric production, consumption and disposal. It examines textile process technology and methods for specifying quality and functions in textile products in order to reduce textile waste and improve sustainability. The book investigates the series of Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs) carried out in the European textile industry. These studies comprise a range of processes from cotton growing, spinning and weaving to the recycling of textiles. The book contains a discussion on sustainable textiles from a product development and marketing perspective.
Overview Unlike any other reference, Handbook of Manufacturing Processes is an in-depth compilation of the workings of more than 1500 different manufacturing processes in metalworking, chemicals, textiles, plastics, ceramics, electronics, wood and food industries; as well as how more than 600 important products, components, materials are made. Logically organized in two sections -- a process section and a products section -- it describes clearly and succinctly the operations performed in the worlds factories. Heavily illustrated, it is a comprehensive source of technical manufacturing information that manufacturing engineers and managers, process engineers, and anyone who has an interest in or needs to know about manufacturing operations and products will not easily find anywhere else.
Textiles have been made and used by every culture throughout history. However diverse--whether an ancient Egyptian mummy wrapping, a Turkish carpet, an Italian velvet, or an American quilt--all textiles have basic elements in common. They are made of fibers, constructed into forms, and patterned and colored in ways that follow certain principles. Looking at Textiles serves as a guide to the fundamentals of the materials and techniques used to create textiles. The selected technical terms explain what textiles are, how they are made, and what they are made of, and include definitions of terms relating to fibers, dyes, looms and weaving, and patterning processes. The many illustrations, including macro- and microscale photographs of a range of ancient and historic museum textiles, demonstrate the features described in the text.
Erscheinungsdatum: 15.06.2015, Medium: Taschenbuch, Einband: Kartoniert / Broschiert, Titel: Textile Product Engineering, Titelzusatz: Basics, Concepts, Case Studies related to Technical Textiles, Autor: Gotipamul, Rajanna, Verlag: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, Sprache: Englisch, Rubrik: Technik // Sonstiges, Seiten: 664, Informationen: Paperback, Gewicht: 1005 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
Technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion.It is a large and growing sector and supports a vast array of other industries.This study was focused to enhance the application of the natural fibers in the field of technical textiles. Natural fibers are abundantly available on the Mother Earth. The fibers coir, jute, sisal and PET were used as raw materials for the study.These fibers were convereted into needle punched non-woven fabrics. The prepared fabrics were tested for the suitability in the selected fields of technical textiles such agro tech, build tech and geo tech .The results obtained from the prepared fabrics had given great recommendations for the future technical textile industry.
Before the 1970s, most information concerning the conservation and restoration of paintings, wood, and archaeological artefacts were focused on the history of the artefacts, previous attempts of conservation, and the future use of these artefacts. The technical methods of how the restoration and conservation were made were dealt with only very briefly. Today, sophisticated methods of scientific analysis such as DNA are common place, and this encourages conservators and scientists to work together to work out the development of new methods for analysis and conservation of artefacts. This book focuses on the chemicals used for conservation and restoration of various artefacts in artwork and archaeology, as well as special applications of these materials. Also the methods used, both methods for cleaning, conservation and restoration, as well as methods for the analysis of the state of the respective artefacts. Topics include oil paintings, paper conservation, textiles and dyes for them, archaeological wood, fossils, stones, metals and metallic coins, and glasses, including church windows.
Designing is a task which requires a combination of technical knowledge, skill, training, patience and artistic imagination. Most of the designs made by man or available in nature have inherent symmetry in them. Considerable mathematical analysis is required to discover an order in such designs and encode them in mathematical descriptions. Moreover, such analysis is usually specific to a particular design (or a class of designs) and is difficult to generalize. Geometric modelling can be used as a design tool to avoid unnecessarily tedious or repetitive tasks. This allows the artist to work on the design idea rather than its implementation. The work presents a unified modelling scheme for artists, craftsmen and common users to facilitate user-defined and automatic generation of designs starting with the simple geometric primitives at the lowest level and creation, storage and retrieval of statically and dynamically symmetric patterns that can be used to generate design layouts. It has direct applications in the domain of art, metal engraving, designer furniture, textiles, jewelry, woodcarvings, wallpapers, tiles, flower vases, etc.
This study investigates the efficiency of manufacturing subsectors in the Zimbabwean economy. The study applied the panel data econometrics approach in the leading manufacturing subsectors from 1980-2005. The quantitative estimates using SFA shows that there are varying efficiencies across sub-sectors and through time. The log-likelihood test shows that there existed technical inefficiency in the production processes in the manufacturing sector. This shows that the industries could have improve their productive capacities with the same amount of inputs. The study shows that average technical efficiencies were falling since 1980 in the investigated sub-sectors. The highest efficiency scores were recorded in the canning and preservation of vegetables and fruits sub-sector which have an average of 98.1 percent efficiency level. The least efficient sectors are the textiles and footwear sectors which had averages of 32 percent and 33 percent efficient levels.
This book analyzes how today's system of international trade law and international economic relations has evolved over the last six decades. Focusing on the major innovations that came with the inception of the World Trade Organization (WTO) with its various agreements in 1994, it also provides in-depth commentary on the intense debate over important matters that remain unsettled. Topics covered include the WTO dispute settlement mechanism, the General Agreement on Trade in Services (OATS), the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMS), intellectual property rights - the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), areas still covered by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1947, the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) concept, special provisions relating to agriculture and textiles, sanitary and phytosanitary measures, technical barriers to trade, pre-shipment inspection, and import licensing procedures.The book would be an excellent resource for scholars as well as practitioners working in the field of international arbitration and trade laws.
Exam board: AQA Level: A-level Subject: Design and Technology First teaching: September 2017 First exams: Summer 2018 (AS) Summer 2019 (A-Level) Encourage your students to be creative, innovative and critical designers with a textbook that builds in-depth knowledge and understanding of the materials, components and processes associated with the creation of fashion and textile products. Our experienced author team will help guide you through the requirements of the specification, covering the core technical and designing and making principles needed for the 2017 AQA AS and A-level Design and Technology Fashion and Textiles specification. - Explores real-world contexts for fashion and textiles - Develops practical skills and theoretical knowledge and builds student confidence - Supports students with the application of maths skills to fashion and textiles - Helps guide students through the requirements of the Non-Exam Assessments and the written exams at both AS and A-level
What if Picasso had been a chair maker and Stravinsky a designer of tables? What would have been the impact of such intense creative talent on twentieth-century furniture? Today there is a man with this quality of profound artistic vision and talent who has devoted his life to making furniture. His name is Sam Maloof, and this book is his life and work told in his own words. Sam Maloof started making furniture immediately after World War II, when there was very little demand for hand-made objects. His perseverance through 'years of difficulty is a testament to the depth of his love for wood and for working with it. Since childhood, Sam has also been in love with technique and has constantly developed his precise sense of form and design. These three loves-of wood, of making things, and of designbrought him to the world of furniture and eventually to an honored place among America's leading artistcraftsmen. As with true great art, everything Sam Maloof makes seems simple. His furniture has a clear rhythm and flow, a bright vitality that eludes analysis. All his furniture is functional: chairs are comfortable; tables, while sculptural, are still tables to be used; desks are custom-designed to meet the needs of each user. Though Maloof furniture designs are all intensely his own, they remain unassuming and natural. His work has the calm, sure quality that comes from technical mastery combined with a creative joy in finding ways to let wood speak. A first encounter with a piece of Maloof furniture is like meeting a friend from the past-the warmth of relationship is immediate and delightful. This warmth never pales. The qualities of his work are mirrored in the artist. Sam is open, direct, and gracious. He projects a feeling of affable dignity and goodwill, and he works with the ease and clarity seen in his furniture. Work for him is not drudgery. It is a renewal, an affirmation. He and his wife, Alfreda, live in a meandering house that nestles in a lemon orchard at the foot of the San Gabriel Mountains, near San Bernardino, California. Sam has been building and expanding the house for thirty years. It unfolds as a series of surprises, from Sam's workshop at one end to the new guestroom at the other. Every room contains the ceramics, woodwork, textiles, baskets, Pictures, and other beautiful things that nourish the Maloofs and give them pleasure. Sam Maloof's technical mastery of woodworking is coupled with mature, strongly personal artistic expression. He has set a standard for his craft in North America and the world. Future generations of craftsmen will see him as one of the major artistic lights of this century.
Electrospinning is from the academic as well as technical perspective presently the most versatile technique for the preparation of continuous nanofi bers obtained from numerous materials including polymers, metals, and ceramics. Shapes and properties of fibers can be tailored according to the demand of numerous applications including filtration, membranes, textiles, catalysis, reinforcement, or biomedicals. This book summarizes the state-of-the art in electrospinning with detailed coverage of the various techniques, material systems and their resulting fiber structures and properties, theoretical aspects and applications. Throughout the book, the current status of knowledge is introduced with a critical view on accomplishments and novel perspectives. An experimental section gives hands-on guidance to beginners and experts alike.