Engineering textiles: Integrating the design and manufacture of textile products looks at design concepts from traditional to technical textiles and discuss engineering approaches to the process of manufacturing these products.
This superb book draws on highlights from the V&A's fabulous collections of woven, printed and embroidered textiles and their designs. Based on the 'V&A's British Textiles' series, and with a new introduction by Linda Parry, this comprehensive compendium brings together a visual history of British fabrics with over 1000 images. They show the amazing creative abilities of professional and amateur designers over three centuries. International experts introduce each period and the textiles produced in it. They discuss technical and artistic innovations and provide an invaluable reading list, glossary of terms and biographies of the chief figures of the era. Linda Parry was a curator in the textile department of the V&A for over thirty years. She is the author of numerous books including 'William Morris Textiles' (1983), 'Textiles of the Arts and Crafts Movement' (1988) and co-editor of 'International Arts and Crafts' (V&A 2005).
A comprehensive, accessible, up-to-date catalog of enzymes and their uses in modern manufacturing. Enzymes have long been used by industrial product makers as major catalysts to transform raw materials into end products. Now available in English for the first time, Industrial Enzymes and Their Applications is the only authoritative catalog of enzymes with in-depth coverage of their varied uses, the classes in which they are grouped, and which chemical reagents they have replaced on current mass production lines. The first section surveys general enzyme characteristics and discusses their microbiological origin, including pH and temperature dependence of the activity and stability of each enzyme. The next section then examines the most important industrial enzymes in use today&#8212; including carbohydrate-hydrolyz-ing enzymes, proteases, ester cleavage-fat-hydrolyzing enzymes, and immobilized enzymes. The last section is devoted to specific applications of technical enzymes in such areas as food processing, beverage production, animal nutrition, leather, and textiles. Industrial Enzymes and Their Applications offers instant access to a wealth of key enzyme data&#8212; an invaluable, wide-ranging resource for industrial chemists, biochemists, biochemical engineers, and students.
Textiles and Fashion explores the integration of textile design with fashion. It begins with a brief history of textiles, showing the links with technical innovation and social developments. It then focuses on the processes of textile design, including the ethical and sustainable issues around textiles today. The book also provides practical information on fibre production, dyeing and finishing techniques. Various surface treatments are explored, as well as the way in which colour and trend influences fashion and textiles.Through case studies and interviews, fashion and textile designers discuss their production processes and how they use textiles in their work. New to the second edition are exercises to help students to explore and further their knowledge of textiles and fashion.
This study investigates the efficiency of manufacturing subsectors in the Zimbabwean economy. The study applied the panel data econometrics approach in the leading manufacturing subsectors from 1980-2005. The quantitative estimates using SFA shows that there are varying efficiencies across sub-sectors and through time. The log-likelihood test shows that there existed technical inefficiency in the production processes in the manufacturing sector. This shows that the industries could have improve their productive capacities with the same amount of inputs. The study shows that average technical efficiencies were falling since 1980 in the investigated sub-sectors. The highest efficiency scores were recorded in the canning and preservation of vegetables and fruits sub-sector which have an average of 98.1 percent efficiency level. The least efficient sectors are the textiles and footwear sectors which had averages of 32 percent and 33 percent efficient levels.
In recent years, there has been significant interest in the utilization of natural materials for nanomaterials which impact a broad range of fields including tissue engineering, smart textiles, electronics, energy, coatings and more. Natural polymers such as silk, have received renewed interest due to their unique properties and potential applications. Silk fibers are traditionally 10-20 µm in diameter. This book researches the scientific implications of reducing the diameter to the nanoscale and adding nanofillers in the form of carbon nanotubes by the electrospinning process. The effects of post processing treatments on the physico-chemical properties of the nanofibers were also studied. Statistical analysis was applied to develop processing windows that can reproduce nanofibers less than 100 nm in diameter. The extensive experimental works outlined in this book are creative and commercially justifiable solutions to technical challenges relating to the development, fabrication, characterization, and optimization of next-generation advanced nanomaterials.
This comprehensive survey of textiles from every region of the Indian subcontinent runs the gamut of commercial, tribal and folk textiles. The authors first place them in cultural context by examining the history, materials and various techniques &#8211; weaving, dyeing, printing and painting. They then give a detailed region-by-region account of traditional textile production, including chapters on Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. A dazzling array of images provides an unsurpassed visual account of the textiles, while a detailed reference section with further reading, museums and information on technical terms completes this essential guide.
Medical Textile is one of the most rapidly expanding sectors in the technical textile market. Medical Textiles are the products and constructions used for medical and biological applications and are used primarily for first aid, clinical and hygienic purposes. It consists of all those textile materials used in health and hygienic applications in both consumer and medical markets. Skin disease is due to allergy, variation in climate, wrong usage of chemicals, tablets, injection, this will create problem to human body. Most of the skin allergies are caused due to over secretion of histamine by mast cell. Normally mast cells are made by bone marrow. They are part of immune system. These cells are more in skin, lungs and intestine. Due to variation in atmospheric condition, histamine is secreted by mast cell that will cause blister in skin, lungs and intestine. In order to suppress this histamine, antihistamine medicines were used. In this book, a discussion was made on the application of the fabric treated with two different herbals which have antihistamine property to release antihistamine to prevent some skin diseases.
The industrial sector is very promising for the use of solar thermal technology, since it accounts for a large share of the total final energy consumption (e.g. 27 % in Germany in 2010) and it predominantly uses the consumed energy as thermal energy (74 % in Germany in 2010). In order to develop this area of application, it is necessary to understand which industrial sectors have the highest potential, which processes within these sectors are most suitable for the integration of solar heat as well as to quantify the possible contribution to the industrial heat demand. For this thesis, the industrial heat consumption in Germany is analyzed, which leads to the selection of the 11 most promising sectors within industry. These are Chemicals, Food and beverages, Motor vehicles, Paper, Fabricated metal, Machinery and equipment, Rubber and plastic, Electrical equipment, Textiles, Printing and Wood. The theoretical potential of solar heat for industrial processes below 300 °C in Germany adds up to 134 TWh per year, the technical potential (considering efficiency measures, limited roof area and a solar fraction) being 16 TWh per year or 3.4 % of the overall industrial heat demand.Solar thermal systems can achieve higher system yields in industrial applications compared to domestic ones. At the same time, systems can be more complex in industrial applications. In order to design and operate solar process heat systems efficiently and to exploit the large potential, possible faults of such systems and their impact have to be evaluated. In this thesis, an implemented solar process heat system is methodically analyzed based on measurements and simulations with a validated model. Several faults are identified and their influence, as well as the influence of a reduced load on the system yield is evaluated. The analysis shows that a reduced load is most influential. Further, the most important impact factors on the system performance are identified: the collector parameters (?0, a1) and load characteristics (mass flow, temperature). The design of solar process heat systems is in many cases very demanding, hence costly. This high effort is a major barrier for a further development of solar heat for industrial applications. The decision to install solar thermal systems is in most cases based on solar heat generation cost. Collector field and heat store size are the most important figures for the estimation of the overall cost of a solar thermal system. Therefore, a simple approach for dimensioning the collector field and heat store is developed in this thesis in order to enable manufacturers and planners on one hand and costumers on the other hand to make a decision in favor or against a solar process heat system. In addition to investment cost, the specific system yield, which is determined for selected process heat applications in this thesis, is necessary to calculate solar heat generation cost. Finally, indications on the necessary accuracy of the load profile are provided to help to reduce effort in the design phase.
An American artist born in 1934 and based in Paris since 1964, Sheila Hicks has dedicated her life to the textiles and fibers she handles, sculpts, and glorifies in works both big and small. Her unique style gives shape to an international language, understandable by each of us, which is simultaneously tactile, emotional, and straightforward. Thanks to her profound mastery of technical craftsmanship and her rare aesthetic intuition, her artistic practice finds its equilibrium at the intersection of applied arts and contemporary art, proposing an idiosyncratic chromatic and formal vocabulary.This handbook accompanies her project for the 2016 Festival d'Automne in Paris. Entitled "Apprentissages" ("learning processes"), it develops as a manifold exhibition held successively in the classical architecture of the Musée Carnavalet, dedicated to the history of Paris, in several shop windows in different Parisian neighborhoods, and finally in the post-modernist black cube of the Théâtre des Amandiers-Nanterre. Gathering together a record of the site-specific installations, rare archive photographs, and documents, the book is built around an extensive conversation between Sheila Hicks and Clément Dirié about her life and work, her relationship with Paris, her methods of learning and sharing.Sheila Hicks' recent exhibitions include the 30th São Paulo Biennial (2012), the Whitney Biennial in New York (2014), the 20th Sydney Biennial, the Glasgow International Festival, and "Weaving_& We-2nd Triennial of Fiber Art" in Hangzhou (all 2016).Published with the Festival d'Automne à Paris.
Colloquium on„Integrated Best Available Wastewater Management in the Textile Sector“September 19, 2018at Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung Lecture Hall 2D5, Heisenbergstraße 1, 70569 Stuttgart-BüsnauScientific Head: Dr.-Ing. Harald Schönberger University of Stuttgart Institute for Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management (ISWA)Apart from cotton cultivation and the production of dyestuffs and optical brighteners, textile finishing – also called textile wet processing – is one of the environmental hotspots. The dominating emission mass stream from textile finishing is wastewater as practically all inorganic and most of the organic (more than 90 %) chemical compounds are discharged with wastewater. Emissions to air, although not negligible, and with solid wastes are of significant lower relevance. In addition, in many parts of the globe, water availability and water scarcity respectively are of increasing concern triggering the need to avoid, reduce or recycle textile wastewater.Against this background the colloquium will contribute to the development of integrated best available wastewater management practices in the textile sector. This comprises the minimisation of water, energy and chemicals consumption by process optimisation (process- and production-integrated measures) and the careful selection of chemicals products. The latter means that the chemical products should be free of substances which are non-biodegradable or which are toxic or do have a negative impact on aquatic life.As textile wastewater pollution cannot be fully prevented at source, the colloquium also focusses on its advanced and effective treatment with special consideration of its recycling in case of limited water availability or scarcity.The programme covers the aforementioned aspects. Well-known speakers will present latest technologies and technical concepts to the audience from textile finishing industries, retailers and brands, techniques providers, textile associations and authorities from national, regional and local level, GIZ and representatives of the German Partnership for Sustainable Textiles.The colloquium is being organised by the “Forschungs- und Entwicklungsinstitut für Industrie- und Siedlungswasserwirtschaft sowie Abfallwirtschaft e.V. (FEI)” in cooperation with the Institute for Sanitary Engineering, Water Quality and Solid Waste Management (ISWA) of the University of Stuttgart and the Partnership for Sustainable Textiles.